December 8, 2022

Cloud security is a challenge, and the toolset is becoming increasingly complicated, with acronyms indicating potential solutions. Cloud native application protection platform (CNAPP) is an acronym defined by Gartner. It integrates four different products for a holistic security experience:

·  A cloud infrastructure entitlements manager (CIEM) is a person who administers general access controls and risk management activities in the cloud.

· A cloud workload protection platform (CWPP) that safeguards code across all types of cloud repositories while also providing runtime protection throughout the whole software platform and code streams.

· A cloud access security broker (CASB) is a service that manages encryption and authorization.

· A cloud security posture management (CSPM) that finds and mitigates security loopholes.

IT and security administrators want these technologies to provide fundamental features, such as more precise attack detection, compatibility for all workloads across different cloud deployments, and methods to apply preventive policies.

That’s a significant amount of software to keep track of, integrate, and comprehend. Different CNAPP vendors offer a comprehensive selection of characteristics that cover all four of these areas. This section provides an overview of the terrain and suggestions on how to browse among the contestants.

Two CNAPP Techniques

CNAPP may be approached from two perspectives: DevSecOps or standard IT security approaches. The former implies a greater emphasis on app protection (the first two product types outlined above), while the latter emphasizes extending traditional network-level security. Before going into details, let’s first discuss why CNAPP came into existence.

Why Does CNAPP Exist?

Knowing this product line is all about overcoming integration issues. According to VMware’s recent State of Observability survey, 57% of respondents said a typical cloud app uses up to 50 technologies. Organizations often utilize many cloud service providers, dispersing their risk and moving away from running legacy systems across the top three Paas services (AWS, Google, and Azure) and toward a hybrid cloud strategy that combines private, open, and hybrid cloud solutions. It comprises a variety of virtualization and Kubernetes containers.

The success of clouds is working against their security: they have become the de facto processing layer for organizations. The expansion of public clouds is driving the maturing of the CWPP business, and Linux servers have become widespread yet progressively insecure. Cloud workloads include numerous moving elements, which contribute to their maturity.

The word CNAPP has two key features that assist explain why it exists. The first of these is “cloud-native.” The move to the cloud has resulted in a slew of new security requirements. The emergence of dynamic and transient cloud environments has also increased complexity and resulted in unique and unforeseen interactions. Traditional agent-based security techniques cannot keep pace with ephemeral, continuous integration, and serverless settings.

The second component is “application security.” Previously, most cloud security tools aimed to assist teams in understanding their infrastructure’s safety. According to Gartner, “it is no longer sufficient to ask, ‘Does my cloud infrastructure safe?’ but ‘Are my cloud apps secure?’ must now be asked by security tools.”

Businesses must consider security from all angles when it comes to cloud apps. There are several methods to expose cloud apps to danger, ranging from unintended public Internet accessibility to too liberal access privileges. Organizations should prioritize identifying and addressing the highest priority threats to which their cloud applications are exposed rather than gathering a broad list of security-related concerns that represent minimal danger in isolation.

Individual point solutions frequently focus exclusively on a restricted set of security vulnerabilities. They do not integrate when connecting their signals, posing difficulty in prioritizing multiple low-priority warnings.

CNAPP’s Main Components

Because CNAPP represents a fusion of current security market segments, let’s take a quick look at what capabilities come under the CNAPP umbrella. Everything below is a pre-existing point solution. CNAPPs combine elements of these point solutions to allow full-stack visibility throughout cloud environments, shifting the attention away from individual security vulnerabilities and toward wider, linked combinations of problems that constitute a major risk. It’s an indication of a good CNAPP vendor if you find all the below components in their CNAPP solution.


It is designed to detect misconfigurations in cloud services and verify compliance with various policies and frameworks. They concentrate on the control plane and investigate cloud infrastructure at the existing account. CNAPPs analyze configurations in greater depth and incorporate them with other input variables to identify and prioritize actual risks.


It’s concerned with the security of cloud workloads, including VMs, containers, and cloud hosting functions. CWPP capabilities penetrate the workload, searching for vulnerabilities, configurations, passwords, and other information. CNAPPs use CWPP capabilities to detect faults in the data plane inside workloads.

Cloud-native comprises numerous aspects: safeguarding cloud-native infrastructure, protecting cloud platforms, and ongoing security for cloud applications. Cloud-native security is required because modern enterprises adopting cloud-native workloads cannot depend on standard security technologies. 

Discovering More About CNAPP

Finally, the growth of CNAPP is a realization that cloud security is complicated and that new ways are required to enable and safeguard what DevOps teams are carrying out in the cloud. Cloud security faces additional issues as environments become more dynamic and transient, release cycles accelerate, and the variety of cloud technologies used grows. The purpose of CNAPP is to detect not just all of the misconfigurations and safety vulnerabilities in your environment but also the real dangers that require the team’s attention.

If you want to discover the biggest dangers in your cloud environment, look at full-stack, multi-cloud solutions like a CNAPP. Make sure you discover something that can cover the whole scope of your cloud deployment and conduct a thorough review of your cloud infrastructure to identify and correlate the security concerns that expose you to genuine danger.

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